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Anemia

Kingwood Kidney Associates

Board Certified Internal Medicine & Nephrology located in Humble, TX

Around three million Americans have anemia, a blood condition that reduces the amount of oxygen your blood can carry. At Kingwood Kidney Associates, Sowmya Puthalapattu, MD, and Chinonye Ogbonnaya-Odor, MD, diagnose and treat all types of anemia. The integrative approach of the practice aims to enhance your overall health while also managing your anemia and its root cause. Call the office in Humble, Texas, or make an appointment online today.

Anemia Q & A

What is anemia?

Anemia is a condition that occurs when you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry sufficient amounts of oxygen around your body. There are several types of anemia, including:

Iron-deficiency anemia

Iron-deficiency anemia occurs when you don’t have enough iron in your body. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the substance in your red blood cells that allows them to carry oxygen around your body. Iron-deficiency anemia is often due to blood loss, but pregnancy and gastric bypass surgery can also trigger the condition.

Vitamin-deficiency anemia

Vitamin-deficiency anemia results from low levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid. The cause is often low levels of these nutrients in your diet or inadequate absorption.

Aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia develops when your bone marrow fails to make enough blood cells. Aplastic anemia is due to an autoimmune disorder that attacks the blood-forming stem cells in your bone marrow. Viral infections, radiation, and some drugs may also cause it. 

Hemolytic anemia

Hemolytic anemia develops when your red blood cells break in your bloodstream or your spleen. It could be due to mechanical issues in your heart, autoimmune disorders, or infections. 

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease that causes abnormal hemoglobin. The abnormally shaped cells interfere with your circulation as they can’t fit through your capillaries.

What are the risk factors for anemia?

A wide variety of factors contribute to anemia. For example, a poor diet or an intestinal disorder that interferes with nutrient absorption can cause anemia. Additionally, heavy menstruation and pregnancy can lead to anemia. Anemia might also be due to other health conditions like:

  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Kidney disease
  • Cancer
  • Liver disease
  • Thyroid disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease


If you’re concerned about anemia, make an appointment at Kingwood Kidney Associates for diagnosis and treatment.

How is anemia treated?

Kingwood Kidney Associates begins with a thorough exam and testing to identify the specific type of anemia that’s causing your symptoms. For example, you may need blood tests, including a complete blood count and tests to examine the shape and size of your red blood cells. 

Once you have confirmation of your condition, Kingwood Kidney Associates creates a customized treatment plan to heal the condition causing your anemia and relieve your symptoms. 

Depending on your needs and the type of anemia causing them, your treatment plan may include:

  • Iron supplements
  • Vitamin B12 and folic acid supplements
  • Surgery to locate and stop bleeding
  • Blood transfusions
  • Hormone treatments
  • Bone marrow transplants
  • Medication to suppress your immune system
  • Oxygen therapy


Call Kingwood Kidney Associates or make an appointment online today for expert diagnosis and treatment for all types of anemia.