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What are the causes for chronic kidney disease ?

The kidneys may be affected 

1.Diabetes mellitus - It is the leading cause of kidney disease. This is due to lack of insulin or not being to able to properly hadle insulin. This results in high blood sugars which affects many organs including kidneys. The first thing you see when kidney gets affected is having protein in the urine when you test it. You will notice that urine is foamy when you flush the toilet. 

2. Hypertension -High blood pressure  is another common cause of kidney disease .  When high blood pressure is controlled, the risk of complications such as chronic kidney disease is decreased. High blood presuure also causes other problems like heart attacks and strokes. 

3. Glomerulonephritis - This is due to inflammation of the kidney's tiny filtering units called the glomeruli. This could be due to autoimmune conditions like lupus, hepatits or HIV. It can happen suddenly or slowly get worse overtime. The diagnosis is based on blood tests , urine tests and kidney biospy. 

4. Polycystic kidney disease -  most common inherited kidney disease. Here you have too many cysts and these grow in size overtime causing kidney failure. 

5. Drugs and toxins - can also cause kidney problems. Using large numbers of over-the-counter pain relievers for a long time may be harmful to the kidneys. Street drugs like heroin and cocaine can also affect kidneys 

 

Call  us at kingwood kidney associates 281-401-9540 to schedule your appointment to learn about kidney disease diagnosis and treatment .

You can also schedule your appointment online using the booking tool on this page. Book your examination today.

Author
Dr. Sowmya Puthalapattu Sowmya Puthalapattu, MD, or Dr. Sowmya as she’s known to patients, is an experienced board-certified nephrologist and internal medicine physician at Kingwood Kidney Associates, with offices in Kingwood and The Woodlands, Texas. Dedicated to providing her patients with comprehensive individualized care, Dr. Puthalapattu believes in the importance of active listening and having an open and creative clinical mind to provide the right care to meet her patients’ needs. She is faculty and Subspeciality education coordinator for Nephrology at IM GME program HCA Kingwood . Her areas of specialty include chronic kidney disease, end-stage renal disease, hyponatremia, and high blood pressure. A resident of The Woodlands, Texas, Dr. Puthalapattu spends her free time with her husband and two children. Her favorite activities include hiking and traveling.

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